eternal religion

History and mythology of Pashupatinath temple in Nepal

History of Pashupatinath temple in Nepal and mythology

Pashupati means:

Animals or  organism or subaerial means of living lord and owns Nath means master or lord. This means that the owner of all beings of the world or the Lord Pashupatinath. The Pashupatinath in another sense means the owner of life.

History of the temple:

It is believed that this gender was established even before the Vedas were written. Pashupati is the deity god of ancient rulers of Kathmandu valley. There is no authentic history of the construction of this temple of the Pashupat community, but in some places it is mentioned that the temple was constructed by the animal husband of Somdev Dynasty in the third century BC.

In 605 AD, Amshuvarman considered himself to be blessed by touching the feet of God. Later this temple was rebuilt in the 11th century. Due to termite, the temple was badly damaged, due to which it was rebuilt in the 17th century. Later many copies of the temple were constructed till the Middle Ages. Such temples include Bhaktapur (1480), Lalitpur (1566) and Banaras (early 19th century). The original temple is destroyed many times. This present form was given by King Bhupendra Malla in 1697.

In the devastating earthquake in April 2015, some of the outer buildings of the World Heritage Site of Pashupatinath Temple were completely destroyed, while the main temple of Pashupatinath and the sanctum sanctorum of the temple did not suffer any harm.

Priest of the temple: To serve God in Pashupatinath temple, from 1747, the kings of Nepal invited Indian Brahmins only. Later, a king of 'Mala Dynasty' appointed South Indian Brahmin as the head priest of the temple. South Indian Bhatt Brahmin was appointed as head priest of this temple. Presently, the influence of worship of Nepalese people was handed over to the Nepalese people by abolishing monopoly of Indian Brahmins during the reign of the Great Government.

When the Temple opens:

This temple is open from 4 a.m. to 9 p.m. every day. The palms of the temple are closed only in the afternoon and at five o'clock. The best time to visit the temple is early and late in the morning. It takes 90 to 120 minutes to travel to the entire temple complex.

Introduction to the temple:

The temple of Pashupatinath in Nepal is located on the banks of the river Bagmati in Devapatan village near Kathmandu. Lord Shiva has a five-face statue in the temple. In the Pashupatinath Vigya, there is one face and one upward direction in all four directions. Rudraksha's garland in the right hand of each mouth and the loincloth is in the left hand. According to the recognition, Jyotirlinga of Pashupatinath temple is similar to Paras stone.

It is said that these five mouths introduce different directions and qualities. Sapjyot is the mouth on the east side and the face towards the west. The north facing direction is called the left wing or ardhanarivar and the south-facing mouth is called aghora. The face which is facing upwards is called the mouth of the mouth.

In this temple there are four doors of Lord Shiva reaching the idol. The four doors are of silver. In front of the western door is a huge statue of Shiva's bull ox, which is constructed from brass. There are many temples and statues of Vaishnava and Shaiva tradition in this complex. Pashupatinath temple is considered as one of Shiva's 12 Jyotirlingas, half of Kedarnath temple.

This temple is a good mix of Hindu and Buddhist architecture. The main pagoda-style temple is located in the safe courtyard, which is protected by the Nepal Police. This temple is spread over an area of ​​264 hectares, in which 518 temples and monuments are included. The construction of the double level roof of the temple has been made from copper on which the gold layer has been climbing. The temple is made on a square of square, from which the height of the peak is 23m 7cm. The pinnacle of the temple is gold, which is called Gajur. Within the premises there are two sanctuaries in one and the other outside. The inner sanctum is the place where the statue of Shiva is established while the outer sanctum is an open corridor.

Among the temples and statues present in the inner courtyard, Vasuki Nath Temple, Unmata Bhairav ​​Temple, Surya Narayana Temple, Kirti Mukher Bhairav ​​Temple, Bubanil Kanth Mandir Hanuman Murthy, and 184 Shivaling sculptures are present from the main room, while the Ram Temple in the outer premises, Virat Swaroop Temple , 12 Jyothirlinga and the pavilion of the pyvagalaya guaiwaswari temple are performed. There is Arya Ghat situation outside the Pashupatinath temple. It is only from mythical time that only the water of this ghat is taken inside the temple.

Recognition of Temple Darshan:

Regarding the Pashupatinath temple, it is believed that no person who sees this place again gets any animal vagina in any birth. However, the condition is that before the first Shivling, Nandini will not be seen. If he does this, then he has to become an animal in the next life. You can hear lots of stories from the people around the temple about the glory of the temple. If the person meditates for half an hour in the temple, then the creature also becomes free from many problems.


1. According to a legend, Lord Shiva was sitting here in a sleepy form by wearing the form of a worm. When Gods discovered them and tried to bring them back to Varanasi, they jumped on the other side of the river. It is said during this time that his horn was broken into four pieces. After this, Lord Pashupati Chaturmook appeared here as a gender.

2. The second story is attached to a shepherd. It is said that this Shivling was discovered by a shepherd whose cows were anointed by their milk and discovered the location of Shiva.

3. The third story is from a legend associated with Uttarakhand state of India. According to this legend, this temple belongs to Kedarnath temple. It is said that when Pandavas were presented at the time of Heaven, Shiva had appeared in the form of a buffalo, which later fell into the earth but before fully assimilating, Bhima had caught his tail. The place where Bhima did this work, is now known as Kedarnath Dham. And the place where his face came out of the earth is called Pashupatinath. This legend is mentioned in detail in the Puranas by the story of Panchkadar.

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